The American Robin commonly, often just called a robin, was named after the European Robin because of its orange-red breast. Ironcially, these birds are not related to each other for the American Robin is part of the thrush family while the European Robin is part of the flycatcher family.
The American Robin are the largest North American thrushes with large round bodies, long legs and a fairly long tail They are more active during the day and they assemble into large flocks during the night. They are easily recognizable by their bright orange-red breast, face, throat and cheeks edged with grey, a white belly and olive-brown upper parts.
Both males and females pretty much look the same though some have said that the brown in the foreheads of the females is shaped like a “V” while the ones in the males is more ”U” shaped. Robins that have not yet reached maturity do not have speckled brown upper parts and they do not have red feathers so that the adult birds do not attack them in territorial disputes.
Robins are commonly seen in lawns across North America where they tug worms out of the ground and though they are at familiar with towns and urban areas they are at home with wilder areas too. They usually prefer large shady lawns.
The American Robin’s diet consists of insects such as grasshoppers, beetle grubs, caterpillars and earthworms and fruits such as berries and cultivated fruits. The nestlings are fed earthworms and other soft bodied animals. They are readily attracted to newly turned gardens where earthworms and other grubs are easily found. During fall and winter they eat a lot of fruits and it is said that if they eat too much honeysuckle, they become quite intoxicated.
The American Robin can produce three successful broods per year and are the first North American birds to lay eggs after their summer range. The nest is usually made from grass, moss and dead leaves in holes of trunks, barks and walls. Incubation is done by the female but both parents feed the young together.
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