A cabbage rose is a type of flower whose petals resemble a head of cabbage. Other names include Rose Centifolia (hundred leaved/petaled rose), The Great Holland Rose, Provence Rose or Rose de Mai. It is a hybrid rose developed by Dutch rose breeders in the period between the 17th century and the 19th century; although the exact hereditary history is not well documented.
Individual plants are shrubby in appearance, growing to 1.5–2 m tall, with long drooping canes and greyish green pinnate leaves with 5-7 leaflets. The flowers are round and globular, with numerous thin overlapping petals that are highly scented; they are usually pink, less often white to dark red-purple.
The cabbage rose is particulart the French city of Grasse, known as the perfume capital of the world. It is widely cultivated for its singular fragrance—clear and sweet, with light notes of honey. The flowers are commercially harvested for the production of rose oil, which is commonly used in perfumery.
Once cabbage roses have been planted, it is important to water them regularly. The roots should be completely soaked when watering, but the ground should not become soggy. It is a good idea to mist the leaves and blossoms of the plant lightly if it is very hot outside. This should be done in early morning or late evening, as doing so in the afternoon could cause the water to burn the foliage. Cabbage roses need to be fertilized weekly, and this is best done by applying the fertilizer at the same time the plant is being watered.
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